Neodiversity, Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 3-18
DOI: 10.13102/neod.141.2, Publication Date: 2021-06-12
Pentaphylacaceae (Ericales) comprise 14 genera and ca. 510 species distributed in subtropical and tropical regions worldwide. In Brazil, the family is represented by two genera (i.e., Freziera and Ternstroemia) with 21 species, after the inclusion of the four new species described here. Ternstroemia bahiensis is endemic to the Caatinga domain, T. rupestris is endemic to the Atlantic Forest-Cerrado transition, while T. megaphylla and T. longipetiolata are endemic to the Amazon Forest domain. Morphological descriptions and comments on habitat, distribution, conservation, phenology, and taxonomy affinities are presented for all the new species, plus line drawings, distribution map, and an identification key to all Ternstroemia species from Brazil.